Surrogacy, ART and DNA Testing

  1. Transmitting Citizenship
  2. Surrogacy, ART and DNA Testing

When is DNA Testing Recommended?

If the documentation provided at the interview does not clearly establish the stated relationship between the parent and the child applicant, DNA testing may be recommended. DNA testing is the only biological testing method currently accepted by the Department to establish a biological relationship. Please note that such testing is entirely voluntary and that all costs of testing and related expenses must be borne by the applicant and paid to the laboratory in advance. In addition, submitting to testing does not guarantee the subsequent issuance of a passport or CRBA.

How Long Does DNA Testing Take?

Once the U.S. Embassy or Consulate abroad receives a DNA kit from an accredited laboratory in the United States, they will contact the passport/CRBA applicant (or parent(s) of the applicant if the applicant is a minor) who needs to provide a DNA sample, and provide him or her with an appointment to come to the Embassy/Consulate. It is a lengthy process, we recommend you to plan the process in advance.

For more information regarding DNA testing, please check the official Department’s website or contact U.S. Citizen Services in Russia at 

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

In cases involving Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), including surrogacy, clear evidence of the child’s genetic relationship to the U.S. citizen parent is required. It is likely that DNA will be recommended in ART cases.